Abu Gallum is the third of the five protected areas of South Sinai and is located to the north of Nabq. High coastal mountains are represented as well as the coral reefs for which the Red Sea is famous. Along the Gulf of Aqaba the coastal plain is narrow and this protected area plays an important role in regulating land use. The Nubian Ibex,Capra nubiana, is found on virtually inaccessible peaks and the reefs, which are among the finest in the world, are still in pristine condition.