Characterised by its spectacular granite mountains ending abruptly on a narrow coastal plain fronted by rich coral reefs, Abu Galum (located between Dahab and Nuweiba) owes its protected status to its varied ecosystems, unique back reef communities and excellent coral. Recent surveys have identified 167 species of desert plants, many of which are not found in either Ras Mohamed or Nabq. As a result, Abu Galum is also home to the largest number of Nubian ibex, Hyrax, red fox and striped hyena. Ten different species of lizards and snakes have also been identified.

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