India Tourist Attractions



Jama Masjid Mosque
Situated in Delhi, it is also the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. Ordered by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan,built this mosque in the year 1650 and completed in the year 1656 AD, it is the biggest and best-known mosque in India. It lies at the beginning of the Chawri Bazar Road, a very busy central street of Old Delhi. The mosque was the result of the efforts of over 6,000 workers, over a period of six years. About 25,000 people can pray here at a single gathering. The whole of the western chamber is a big hall standing on 260 pillars all carved from Hindu and Jain traditions. The courtyard of the mosque can be reached from the east, north and south by three flights of steps, all built of red sandstone

Taj Mahal
Also known as the Crown of Palaces, is located in Agra. It is entirely made of while marble and this mausoleum was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife named Mumtaz Mahal. It is considered "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage. The style combines Islamic, Persian, Turkish, Ottoman and Indian architecture. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Its construction started in 1632 and took about 19 years to complete under the supervision of an entire team of architects and craftsmen. It is not just one temple, but the entire complex of structures, together with the fountain and gardens that make up the splendor of the Taj Mahal.

Agra Fort
Situated about 2.5 kilometers northwest of its sister monument, the Taj Mahal, is the Agra Fort. Agra Fort was originally a brick fort, held by the Hindu Sikarwar Rajputs and is often described as a walled city. The 94-acre (380,000 m2) fort has a semicircular plan, its chord lies parallel to the river and its walls are seventy feet high. The monumental Delhi Gate, which faces the city on the western side of the fort, is considered the grandest of the four gates and a masterpiece of Akbar's time. It was built circa 1568 both to enhance security and as the king's formal gate, and includes features related to both. It is embellished with inlay work in white marble. A wooden drawbridge was used to cross the moat and reach the gate from the mainland. An interesting mix of Hindu and Islamic architecture is found here. In fact, some of the Islamic decorations feature haraam (sinful) images of living creatures -dragons, elephants and birds, instead of the usual patterns and calligraphy seen in Islamic surface decoration.

Red Fort
Yet another amazing structure that was constructed under the rule of Shah Jahan, was the Red fort in Delhi. It served as residence to the Mughal Emperor. It served as the capital of the Mughals until the year 1857 until exiled by the British. The construction began in 1638 and was completed within a decade. Since then it has undergone more constructions to be displayed as it is today. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage site. Annually, on the 15th of August, the national flag is hoisted by the Prime Minister as a celebration of British independence. There is also a sound and light show which makes it one of the country’s great tourist attractions.

Fatehpur Sikri
The city was founded in 1569 by the Mughal emperorAkbar, and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. According to contemporary historians, Akbar took a great interest in the building of Fatehpur Sikri and probably also dictated its architectural style. Pursuing to recover the brilliances of Persian court ceremonial made famous by his ancestor Timur, Akbar planned the complex on Persian principles. But the inspirations of his adopted land came through in the typically Indian embellishments. The imperial Palace complex consists of a number of independent pavilions arranged in formal geometry on a piece of level ground, a pattern derived from Arab and central Asian tent encampments.

Rajasthan
Also known as "the land of kings" and the largest state of the Republic of India by area. It is located in the northwest of India. Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the state. Eastern Rajasthan has the world famous Keoladeo National Parknear Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. It also has two national tiger reserves, Ranthambore andSariska Tiger Reserve, and a famous temple in Khatu, Sikar district, dedicated to Khatu Shyam Ji. Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when the region known until then asRajputana, consisting of erstwhile 18 princely states, two chiefships and the British district of Ajmer-Merwara. Though a large proportion of the total area is desert, and even though there is slight forest cover, Rajasthan has a rich and diverse flora and fauna. Rajasthan is also noted for National Parks Sanctuaries. There are four national park and wildlife sanctuaries named the Keoladeo National Park ofBharatpur, Sariska Tiger Reserve of Alwar, Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur, and Desert National Park of Jaisalmer.